US failure hits European shares
Global stock markets have had a bumpy ride in recent weeks
European share indexes have been volatile in Tuesday trading after a US financial rescue plan failed to gain Congressional backing.
With the US House of Representatives rejecting the $700bn (£380bn) rescue deal, the UK's FTSE 100 fell as much as 3% before recovering to rise 0.18%.
Asian stocks had already seen big declines in Tuesday trading.
Wall Street's Dow Jones index saw its biggest one-day points fall in history on Monday after the deal was rejected.
Bank shares hit
Following the US rejection of the rescue deal, the following developments have hit the global financial sector:
Analyst Richard Hunter, head of equities at Hargreaves Lansdown stockbrokers, said European investors were hopeful the US will eventually pass the bailout plan.
- The UK's FTSE 100 index was up 0.18% or 8.5 points to 4,827 by 12:00 BST, while Germany's Dax was 0.9% lower at 5,756 and France's Cac was down 0.2% to 3,949
- Banking shares were the biggest fallers in London, as concerns grow about how the delay in securing a US rescue deal will hit the financial system
- HBOS was down 12%, Royal Bank of Scotland was 6% lower
- Japan's Nikkei index ended Tuesday down 4.1%, while Hong Kong's Hang Seng rose 0.8%
- In Russia, trading was temporarily suspended on the country's two main stock markets
- In the Republic of Ireland, the government announced that all bank deposits would be guaranteed for the next two years
- European bank Dexia has received a state bail-out, costing the Belgian, French and Luxembourg governments a combined 6.4bn euros ($9.2bn; £5bn)
"This deal is not dead in the water and there are hopes that when Congress reconvenes it could still go through," he said.
US Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson, the architect of the rescue plan, said it was vital to get a new deal agreed.
Henry Paulson: 'This is much too important to simply let fail'
President George W Bush is now due to make a statement on the deadlock over the bail-out plan later on Tuesday.
But the president has been wholly ineffectual in the crisis so far and it is difficult to see how that might change, says the BBC's North America correspondent Justin Webb.
Congress will not meet again until Thursday - after a break for the Jewish New Year - with another vote unlikely before the weekend, the BBC's Jonathan Beale in Washington says.
Day of turmoil
The House's rejection of the bail-out plan came after a day of turmoil in the US and Europe, with Wachovia, the fourth-largest US bank, being bought by larger rival Citigroup.
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Monday also saw the partial nationalisation of Benelux banking giant Fortis by three governments, and UK lender Bradford & Bingley was taken into state ownership.
The US rescue plan, a result of tense talks over several days between the government and lawmakers, was rejected by 228 to 205 votes in the House of Representatives.
About two-thirds of Republican lawmakers refused to back the rescue package, as well as 95 Democrats.
Mr Paulson said, after talks with the president, that the government's plan to address the crisis facing the US financial sector was much too important to be allowed to fail.
US regulators would use "all the tools available" to help the US economy, but their powers were "insufficient", he warned.
He added that he would be working with congressional leaders to get something done "as quickly as possible".
Analysts say that without a bail-out plan, the banks will be left to handle all their own bad mortgage debt as best they can and more of them will be in danger of going bust.
But after several hours of impassioned debate, the bill's opponents - the majority of whom were from the Republican Party - got their way.
They had raised concerns about both the content of the plan and the speed with which they were being asked to pass it.