Pulse rate clue to heart attacks
A simple pulse test could diagnose heart disease
Simply measuring a woman's resting pulse rate can predict how likely she is to suffer a heart attack, says a study in the British Medical Journal.
US researchers looked at the records of around 129,000 postmenopausal women who had no history of heart problems.
They found that those with the highest heart rates were significantly more likely to suffer a heart attack than the women with the lowest rates.
However, the association was weaker than that with cigarettes and diabetes.
Previous studies have shown that resting heart rate predicts coronary events in men.
People shouldn't automatically assume that if their heart rate happens to be high at a particular time it is putting them at risk of a heart attack
Professor Peter Weissberg, British Heart Foundation
The researchers from the pharmaceutical company, AstraZeneca, said the strength of this association "might be large enough to be clinically meaningful." They assessed women over the age of 50 and enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative who were involved in four randomised trials and an observational study from 1993 to 1998.
They followed them up for about seven years and found that the women suffered 2,281 fatal or non-fatal heart attacks and 1,877 strokes.
Women with the fastest resting heart rates of more than 76 beats per minute were 1.6 times as likely to suffer a coronary event compared with those with the lowest resting heart rates below 62 beats per minute.
And the relationship was stronger in the younger postmenopausal women.
Weight, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and consumption of saturated fats were all higher in the women with the highest heart rates as were the incidence of diabetes, smoking, and depression.
The women with the lowest resting heart rates were more active but also drank more alcohol than the others.
Other risk factors
Professor Peter Weissberg, medical director of the British Heart Foundation, said: "It adds heart rate to the numerous other risk factors known to influence the chances of having a heart attack. "One's heart rate changes minute by minute in response to things like activity and emotion, so people shouldn't automatically assume that if their heart rate happens to be high at a particular time it is putting them at risk of a heart attack."
Dr Tim Chico, consultant cardiologist at the University of Sheffield, said: "We already have methods to predict someone's risk of heart disease based upon things they can change, for example whether they smoke, eat a healthy diet, maintain a healthy weight, or things they can't change, such as their age and sex.
"We all need to pay more attention to things we can do in our lifestyle to lower our risk of heart disease."