The axis of inflation in Turkey has shifted from west to east according to the latest data released by the Turkish Statistical Institute, or TurkStat.
The prices of main household expenses in eastern and southeastern provinces rose faster than those in the rest of the country in the last five years, TurkStat said on its website.
The Central Anatolian province of Kayseri ranks first in the country on the inflation list. Prices increased by 51 percent on average, compared to 57.5 percent in Kayseri.
Food, electricity, water and education increased the most among 10 basic items of expenses in the TurkStat research.
Gaziantep, Kilis, Diyarbakır, Şanlıurfa, Adıyaman, Muş, Bitlis, Hakkâri, Kars and Ardahan are the other provinces where price increases were above average.
The rise in the Aegean and Mediterranean provinces was below average, TurkStat said.
Antalya in the south and Isparta and Burdur in the east topped the list for lowest price rises.
When essential items are considered, the rise in the poorer eastern and southeastern provinces is drastically higher than the western metropolitan areas.
The lowest rise in the southeastern provinces was in clothing. Clothing prices fell by 12.2 percent in Batman, Şırnak, Siirt and Mardin while all other items rose in price.
Diyarbakır, the largest province in the Southeast, had the largest increase in the cost of water, surpassing the longtime leader, Istanbul. Water cost increases exceeded 111 percent in Diyarbakır and neighboring Şanlıurfa.
The region is also the “inflation champion” in electricity prices, as Van, Muş, Bitlis and Hakkari residents pay bills 90 percent higher compared to five years ago.
Alcohol and cigarettes prices increased by 63.3 percent on average over the last five years. The eastern and southeastern provinces ranked high also on this list. The average alcohol and cigarette price increases in these two regions reached 111 percent. The lowest inflation in alcohol was in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and provinces in the Thrace area.
The northwestern provinces of Kocaeli, Sakarya, Düzce and Yalova experienced the highest rise in house rental costs. The unfulfilled need for more houses after a large earthquake hit these provinces along with Istanbul in 1999 played an important role in the rise. House rental prices in southern provinces increased slower than in other regions as well.